"But here let you be deceived, on thing you must look more narrowly upon. For seeing they bestow but six hour in work, perchance you may think that the lack of some necessary thing hereof may unsure. But this is nothing so. Fo r that small time is not only enough but also too much for the store and abundance of all things that be requisite either for the necessity or commodity of life. The which thin you also shall perceive, if you weigh and consider with yourselves how great a part of the people in other countries liveth idle. First, almost all women, which be the half of the whole number, or, else if the women be somewhere occupied, there most commonly in their stead the men of idle. Besides this, how great and how idle a company is there of priests and religious men, as they call them? Put thereto all rich men, especially all landed men, which commonly be called gentlemen and noblemen. Take into this number also their servants:... cloaking their idle life under the color of some disease or sickness, and truly you shall find them much fewer than you thought, by whose labor all these things are wrought that in men's affairs are now daily used and frequented.
Now consider with yourself, these few that do work, how few be occupied in necessary works. For where money bearers all the swing, there many vain and superfluous occupations must needs be used to serve only for riotous superfluity and un honest pleasure. For the same multitude that now is occupied in work, if they were divided into so few occupations as the necessary use of nature requrieth, in so great plenty of things as then of necessity would ensure, doubtless the prices would be too little for the artificers to maintain their livings. But if all these that be now busied about unprofitable occupations, with all the whole flock of them that live ideals and slothfully, which consume and waster every one of them more of these things that come by other men's labor than two of the workmen themselves do - if all these (I say) were set to profitable occupations, you easily perceive how little time would be enough, yea, and too much to store us with all things that may be requisite either for necessity or for commodity, yea, or for pleasure, so that the same pleasure be true and natural.
And this in Utopia the thing itself taketh manifest and plain, for there in all the city, with the whole country or shir adding to it, scarcely five hundred persons of all the whole, number of men and women that be neither too old nor too weak to work, be licensed and discharged from labor. Among them be syphogrants, who, thought they be by the lawny exempt and privileged from labor, yet they exempt not themselves, to the intent that they may the rather by their example provide others to work. The same faction from labor do they also enjoy to whom the people, persuaded by the commendation of the priests and secret election of the syphogrants, have given a perpetual license from labor to learning. But if any one of them prove not according to the expectation and hope of him conceived, he is forthwith plucked back to the company of artificers. And, contrariwise, often it chancery that a handicraftsman doth so early be stow his vacant and spare hours in learning, and through diligence so fortieth therein that he mistaken from his handy occupation and promoted to the company of the learned. Out of this order of the learned be shone abassadors, priest, tranibores, and finally the prince himself, whom they in their old tongue call Barzanes, and by a newer name, Adamus. The residue of the people being neither idle nor yet occupied about unprofitable exercises, it may be easily judged in how few hours how much good work by them may be done dispatched towards those things that I have spoken of.
The commodity they have also above other, that in the most part of necessary occupations they need not so much work as other nations do. For first of all the building or repairing of houses sketch everywhere so many men's continual labor, because that the untrhify heir sufereth the houses that his father builded in continuance of time to all in decay. So that which he might have upholder with little cost, his successor is contained to build it again and anew to his great charge. Yah, many times also the house that stood one man in much money, another is of so nice and so delicate and mind that he setteht nothing by it. And it being neglected, and therefore shortly falling into ruin, he buildit up another in another place with no less cost and charge. But among the Utopians, where all thing be set in good order and the commonwealth in a good stay, it very seldom chancery that they choose a new plot to build an house upon. And they do not only find speedy and quick remembdies for present faults, but also prevent them that be like to fall. And by this means their houses continue and last very long with little labor and small reparations, insomuch. that this king of workman sometimes have almost nothing to do, but that they be commanded to hew timber at home and to square and trim up stones to the intent that, if any work chance, it may the speedier rise.
Now, sire, in their apparel, mark, I pray you, how few workmen they need. First of all, thirst they be at work, they be covered homely with leather or skins the twill last seven years. When they go forth abroad, they cast upon them a claok, which hideth the other homely apparel. These clocks throughout the whole island be all of one color, and that is the natural color of the wool. They, therefore, do not only spend much less woolen cloth than is spent in other countries, but also the same standers them in much less cost. But linen cloth is made with less labor and is, therefore, do not only spend much less woolen cloth than is spent in other countries, but also the same standers them in much less cost. But linen cloth is made with less labor and is, therefore, had more in use. But linen cloth is made with less labor and is, therefore, had more in use. But in linen cloth only whiteness, in woolen only cleanliness is regarded. As for the smallness or fineness of the thread, that is nothing passed for. And this is the cause wherefore in tother places four or five cloth gowns of divers colors and as many silk coats are not enough for one man. Yah, and if he be of the delicate and nice sort, ten be too few, whereas there one garment will serve a man most commonly two years. For why should desire more? See if he had them, he should be the better haptics, or covered form cold, neither in his apparel any white the comelier. (pg. 74-75)